Individuals with reading comprehension difficulty may be fluent readers, but that ability is usually covering their deeper disorder in processing the true awareness and complexity of what they read. Meanwhile, individuals with dyslexia likely have strong oral language skills and average comprehension, but struggle with phonological memory and awareness; this limits ability to make connections between sounds and letters, and has lifelong impact on learning.

Treatment works to address the underlying cause using evidence based approaches to address the fundamentals of reading in addition to working with parents and teachers on ways to assist children within the classroom and home environments. Reading intervention provided individually and coupled with group therapy can offer a unique ability for a child to master reading skills and utilize approaches with their peers.